Jan. 14, 1940 – Aug. 15, 2015
Raised in Nashville, Tennessee
Like many other Black college students, Julian Bond – a student at Morehouse College when sit-ins erupted in Greensboro, North Carolina – wanted to replicate such direct action against segregation in Atlanta. He co-founded with several other students the Committee on Appeal for Human Rights (COAHR), which began sit-ins at lunch counters and bus stations. “To our mind,” Bond recalled, “lunch-counter segregation was the greatest evil facing black people in the country.”
He soon realized that lunch counter segregation was a symptom of larger problems. And SNCC’s founding conference was crucial to this deeper grasp of what Black people were up against. There, Ella Baker’s speech, “More than a Hamburger” inspired Bond and other young people at the conference to think more about the scope of what was needed to effect the change they wanted.
Before his last semester at Morehouse, Bond dropped out and started working for SNCC full-time as communications director and editor of the organization’s newspaper, the Student Voice. SNCC’s communication department was deeply integrated with SNCC’s voter registration efforts. When violence occurred, telegrams in the name of SNCC’s chairman were immediately sent to the Department of Justice with copies to the wire services and newspapers. Photos of burnt or bombed churches and homes in SNCC project areas were also sent out.
In 1965, Ivanhoe Donaldson encouraged Bond to run for the Georgia state legislature and became his campaign manager. Charlie Cobb, though initially wary of electoral politics, agreed to work on the the campaign as did Judy Richardson. Bond conducted his campaign in SNCC’s “little d” democratic style, knocking on doors and engaging the community in the entire political process. They did not want people to just vote, they wanted ordinary people to feel like they had a meaningful voice in how their government was run. “I see this campaign,” Bond said, “as a chance to prove that the ordinary citizen has decision making power.”
Bond went door-to-door asking people what they wanted their representative to do. Most Blacks weren’t accustomed to this campaign style, and Bond remembered that, “literally 100% of the people I canvassed had never had anyone come to their house, sit down and seriously talk to them about their community.” Bond took the community’s feedback seriously and developed a platform that focused on increasing the minimum wage, ending literacy tests, and repealing right to work laws.
Bond won the election by a large margin, but the Georgia state legislature refused to seat him because of SNCC’s opposition to the Vietnam War and Bond’s refusal to disavow the organization’s position. So he campaigned and won another time, but was refused seating again. After winning a third election, the Supreme court ordered the state legislature to seat Bond. On January 9, 1967, at the age of twenty-six, Julian Bond was sworn in and took his seat in the legislature.
Clayborne Carson, In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960s
Charles Cobb, This Nonviolent Stuff’ll Get You Killed: How Guns Made the Civil Rights Movement Possible
Emilye Crosby, “Remembering Julian Bond,” Process, Blog of Organization of American Historians
Charles Payne, I’ve Got the Light of Freedom: The Organizing Tradition and the Mississippi Freedom Struggle
Howard Zinn, SNCC: The New Abolitionists
“Founder Julian Bond Remembers 50 Years of SNCC,” Apr. 15, 2010, NPR
Julian Bond biography, www.crmvet.org
In Memory of Julian Bond, www.crmvet.org
Julian Bond, New Georgia Encyclopedia